Tunisia has a public and private hospital and health infrastructure, which has enabled it to extend health cover to all parts of the country.
The Ministry of Public Health watches over the health of the population with the aim of ensuring a harmonious development of their physical and mental faculties as well as their adaptation to the natural and social environment of the country by fighting the causes of deterioration of physical or mental well-being which may affect
them individually or collectively.
Law 91-63 of July 29, 1991, relative to health organization stipulates
in its first article that everyone has the right to health under the
best possible conditions.
The constitution of Tunisia clearly states that the prosperity of the
nation is based on the welfare of the family and on the right of each
citizen to work, to health protection and to education. The health
strategy based on this policy, has been reinforced and enlarged since 7
November 1987; the Head of State has shown a particular interest in the
health sector by examining the important issues of health financing,
the mode of practice for physicians, and the operating of hospitals and
by carrying out unexpected visits to health facilities in certain less
The health infrastructure may be divided into three main sectors: the public, the social security and the private sectors.
The greater part of the population is
served by the public sector. The services of government departments,
such as the army, the police and the Ministry of Education, are
responsible for relatively limited populations.